Vodafone has announced a partnership with the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) and Forest Research - Britain’s foremost forestry and tree research organisation - to use a Narrowband-IoT (NB-IoT) network to monitor two forests in Surrey and Northumberland.
The two networking technologies that will power the industrial Internet of Things over the next five years are narrowband IoT (NB-IoT) and Cat-M (officially known as LTE Cat-M1). And it’s predicted that industrial IoT use cases will overtake the likes of wearables, home security, and digital home products, by 2025.
This pilot will use NB-IoT technology, future-proofed to work on 5G networks when available, to monitor how trees respond to environmental changes within the UK’s forests.
“Tackling climate change requires radical thinking and our forests will be vital to this,” said Anne Sheehan, Director at Vodafone Business UK. “Our IoT technology enables us to connect trees and monitor performance, which is a perfect example of how technology can be used in new ways to help create a more sustainable future.”
Monitoring the effects of climate change
Data is collected from IoT sensors which are attached to the trunks of a number of trees, with data then being transmitted to Defra and Forest Research where the effects of temperature, humidity and soil moisture on tree growth and function will be monitored. (Measuring tree growth enables scientists to estimate the contribution trees make to climate change mitigation, as a result of their ability to absorb and store carbon from the atmosphere.)
“Trees are a unique natural resource that play a crucial role in combating the biodiversity and climate crises we face,” said Malcolm McKee, Chief Technology Officer at Defra. “This exciting partnership uses newly-emerging IoT technologies to improve our understanding of the impacts of environmental change on our nation’s forests, which will help inform our policy making. The new technology provides better quality data and importantly, allows us to monitor places that current technologies cannot reach.”
The three month trial is now underway in Forestry England’s Alice Holt forest, near Farnham in Surrey, and Harwood forest, near Rothbury in Northumberland. And the trial is part of Defra’s 25-year Environment Plan to increase woodland cover in England.
Ironically, though, this move has been announced in the same week that two HS2 protestors were injured as environmentalists seek to protect ancient woodland along the proposed route of the government’s high-speed rail network. Action which has brought into question the government’s commitment to protecting the UK’s woodland and forests.